Visual Estimation of Spatial Requirements for Locomotion in Novice Wheelchair Users

Takahiro Higuchi, Hajime Takada, Yoshifusa Matsuura, Kuniyasu Imanaka

    • 48 Citations

    Abstract

    Locomotion using a wheelchair requires a wider space than does walking. Two experiments were conducted to test the ability of nonhandicapped adults to estimate the spatial requirements for wheelchair use. Participants judged from a distance whether doorlike apertures of various widths were passable or not passable. Experiment 1 showed that participants underestimated the spatial requirements for wheelchair use but overestimated the spatial requirements for walking. Experiment 2 showed that their underestimation improved but was not completely eliminated after 8 days of practice passing through apertures. Analyses of wheelchair performance in the practice condition showed that the underestimation may have arisen from misperception of the positions of the hands when the participants were grasping the wheelchair hand-rims. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)55-66
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
    Volume10
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 2004 Mar 1

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    Wheelchairs
    Locomotion
    Walking

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Applied Psychology
    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

    Cite this

    Visual Estimation of Spatial Requirements for Locomotion in Novice Wheelchair Users. / Higuchi, Takahiro; Takada, Hajime; Matsuura, Yoshifusa; Imanaka, Kuniyasu.

    In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.03.2004, p. 55-66.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Higuchi, Takahiro; Takada, Hajime; Matsuura, Yoshifusa; Imanaka, Kuniyasu / Visual Estimation of Spatial Requirements for Locomotion in Novice Wheelchair Users.

    In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.03.2004, p. 55-66.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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