Empirical data analysis and simulation modeling for evacuation movement with the presence of irregular non-continuous exterior stairs

Hugo H. Poveda Gironda, Satoru Sadohara, Satoshi Yoshida, Keiko Inagaki

Abstract

Studies on evacuation behavior are often based on regular favorable scenarios, but more urban areas are adversely affected by natural disasters,many of themunder extreme geographic conditions, and very little is known on how these conditions affect evacuation processes, especially in communities with neither experience nor disaster education. We collected empirical data during announced evacuation practices in a landslide-prone urban area from La Paz, Bolivia. Based on this experiment, we measured time, velocity and participants’ behavior, then process results and input them as parameters to a 3- dimensional (3D) agent-based evacuation simulation model of the evacuation practice location to simulate real scenario evacuations focused on community residents walking on stairs and steep streets. Our objective is to explain procedures for simulating two evacuation cases with different premises and to compare results from the two. Results show that one case is more effective simply by following a simple rule of evacuation path selection. Our ultimate purpose is to create a compelling graphic tool for teaching persons about early shortterm evacuation, including the importance of early planned evacuation. It also provides persons with opportunities participate in virtual drills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-146
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Volume11
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2016

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Stairs
Disasters
Landslides
Data reduction
Teaching
Education
Computer simulation
Experiments

Keywords

  • Bolivia
  • Evacuation
  • Exterior stairs
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Empirical data analysis and simulation modeling for evacuation movement with the presence of irregular non-continuous exterior stairs. / Poveda Gironda, Hugo H.; Sadohara, Satoru; Yoshida, Satoshi; Inagaki, Keiko.

In: Journal of Disaster Research, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2016, p. 136-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poveda Gironda, Hugo H.; Sadohara, Satoru; Yoshida, Satoshi; Inagaki, Keiko / Empirical data analysis and simulation modeling for evacuation movement with the presence of irregular non-continuous exterior stairs.

In: Journal of Disaster Research, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2016, p. 136-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Studies on evacuation behavior are often based on regular favorable scenarios, but more urban areas are adversely affected by natural disasters,many of themunder extreme geographic conditions, and very little is known on how these conditions affect evacuation processes, especially in communities with neither experience nor disaster education. We collected empirical data during announced evacuation practices in a landslide-prone urban area from La Paz, Bolivia. Based on this experiment, we measured time, velocity and participants’ behavior, then process results and input them as parameters to a 3- dimensional (3D) agent-based evacuation simulation model of the evacuation practice location to simulate real scenario evacuations focused on community residents walking on stairs and steep streets. Our objective is to explain procedures for simulating two evacuation cases with different premises and to compare results from the two. Results show that one case is more effective simply by following a simple rule of evacuation path selection. Our ultimate purpose is to create a compelling graphic tool for teaching persons about early shortterm evacuation, including the importance of early planned evacuation. It also provides persons with opportunities participate in virtual drills.

AB - Studies on evacuation behavior are often based on regular favorable scenarios, but more urban areas are adversely affected by natural disasters,many of themunder extreme geographic conditions, and very little is known on how these conditions affect evacuation processes, especially in communities with neither experience nor disaster education. We collected empirical data during announced evacuation practices in a landslide-prone urban area from La Paz, Bolivia. Based on this experiment, we measured time, velocity and participants’ behavior, then process results and input them as parameters to a 3- dimensional (3D) agent-based evacuation simulation model of the evacuation practice location to simulate real scenario evacuations focused on community residents walking on stairs and steep streets. Our objective is to explain procedures for simulating two evacuation cases with different premises and to compare results from the two. Results show that one case is more effective simply by following a simple rule of evacuation path selection. Our ultimate purpose is to create a compelling graphic tool for teaching persons about early shortterm evacuation, including the importance of early planned evacuation. It also provides persons with opportunities participate in virtual drills.

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