Effect of gasoline pool fire on liquid hydrogen storage tank in hybrid hydrogen-gasoline fueling station

Junji Sakamoto, Jo Nakayama, Toyoaki Nakarai, Naoya Kasai, Tadahiro Shibutani, Atsumi Miyake

  • 4 Citations

Abstract

Multiple-energy-fueling stations, which can supply several types of energy such as gasoline, CNG, and hydrogen, could guarantee the efficient use of space. To guide the safety management of hybrid hydrogen-gasoline fueling stations, which utilize liquid hydrogen as an energy carrier, the scale of gasoline pool fires was estimated using the hazard assessment tool Toxic Release Analysis of Chemical Emissions (TRACE). Subsequently, the temperature and the stress due to temperature distribution were estimated using ANSYS. Based on the results, the safety of liquid hydrogen storage tanks was discussed. It was inferred that the emissivity of the outer material of the tank and the safety distance between liquid hydrogen storage tanks and gasoline dispensers should be less than 0.2 and more than 8.5 m, respectively, to protect the liquid hydrogen storage tank from the gasoline pool fire. To reduce the safety distance, several measures are required, e.g. additional thermal shields such as protective intumescent paint and water sprinkler systems and an increased slope to lead gasoline off to a safe domain away from the liquid hydrogen storage tank.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2096-2104
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016 Jan 21

Fingerprint

Gasoline
Liquids
Hydrogen storage
Hydrogen
Fueling
Fires
Dispensers
Paint
Hazards
Temperature distribution
Water
Temperature

Keywords

  • Domino effect
  • Gasoline pool fire
  • Hydrogen fueling station
  • Liquid hydrogen storage tank
  • Safety distance
  • Thermal radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Effect of gasoline pool fire on liquid hydrogen storage tank in hybrid hydrogen-gasoline fueling station. / Sakamoto, Junji; Nakayama, Jo; Nakarai, Toyoaki; Kasai, Naoya; Shibutani, Tadahiro; Miyake, Atsumi.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 41, No. 3, 21.01.2016, p. 2096-2104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakamoto, Junji; Nakayama, Jo; Nakarai, Toyoaki; Kasai, Naoya; Shibutani, Tadahiro; Miyake, Atsumi / Effect of gasoline pool fire on liquid hydrogen storage tank in hybrid hydrogen-gasoline fueling station.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 41, No. 3, 21.01.2016, p. 2096-2104.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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