Development of hydrothermal and frictional experimental systems to simulate sub-seafloor water–rock–microbe interactions

Katsuhiko Suzuki, Shingo Kato, Takazo Shibuya, Takehiro Hirose, Shigshi Fuchida, V. J. Rejish Kumar, Motoko Yoshizaki, Yuka Masaki, Kentaro Nakamura, Kensei Kobayashi, Masuda Harue, Akihiko Yamagishi, Tetsuro Urabe

    Abstract

    Since the discovery in 1977 of deep-sea hydrothermal vents, they have been shown to host unique but diverse biological communities, despite the dark, barren ocean-floor settings in which they exist. Recent research has indicated that the production by fault systems of abundant reducing agents such as hydrogen possibly sustains the microbial communities in these chemoautotrophic ecosystems. High-pressure and high-temperature hydrothermal experiments, and friction experiments, have resulted in the development of important new experimental apparatuses. A batch-type (closed) experimental system that creates equilibrium conditions has contributed greatly to our understanding of sub-seafloor hydrothermal reactions. Flow-type experimental systems have allowed investigation of natural systems under non-equilibrium conditions. Friction experiments have recently been developed to better understand generation of the hydrogen that makes fault systems habitable by primary producers. These experiments suggest that microbial ecosystems sustained by chemical energy derived from fault systems might be widely distributed within oceanic crust. Moreover, flow-type systems that can be used to simulate natural hydrothermal environments that include crustal aquifers might provide insights into the ecological significance of microorganisms and their global contribution to biogeochemical cycles in the ocean and crust. Here we describe hydrothermal and friction experiment systems that we developed during our Trans-crustal Advection and In-situ biogeochemical processes of Global subseafloor Aquifer (TAIGA) project, and consider the application of some of them to explore the interactions among rocks, fluids, and microbes. For this purpose, our original data obtained in the experiment of interaction between basalt and water in the flow-type system was also included.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSubseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept
    PublisherSpringer Japan
    Pages71-85
    Number of pages15
    ISBN (Print)9784431548652, 9784431548645
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2015 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    experiment
    friction
    seafloor
    aquifer
    hydrogen
    ecosystem
    experimental apparatus
    water-rock interaction
    biogeochemical cycle
    hydrothermal vent
    oceanic crust
    deep sea
    microbial community
    advection
    basalt
    microorganism
    crust
    fluid
    ocean
    rock

    Keywords

    • Friction experiment
    • Hydrothermal experiment

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Suzuki, K., Kato, S., Shibuya, T., Hirose, T., Fuchida, S., Rejish Kumar, V. J., ... Urabe, T. (2015). Development of hydrothermal and frictional experimental systems to simulate sub-seafloor water–rock–microbe interactions. In Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept. (pp. 71-85). Springer Japan. DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54865-2_7

    Development of hydrothermal and frictional experimental systems to simulate sub-seafloor water–rock–microbe interactions. / Suzuki, Katsuhiko; Kato, Shingo; Shibuya, Takazo; Hirose, Takehiro; Fuchida, Shigshi; Rejish Kumar, V. J.; Yoshizaki, Motoko; Masaki, Yuka; Nakamura, Kentaro; Kobayashi, Kensei; Harue, Masuda; Yamagishi, Akihiko; Urabe, Tetsuro.

    Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept. Springer Japan, 2015. p. 71-85.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Suzuki, K, Kato, S, Shibuya, T, Hirose, T, Fuchida, S, Rejish Kumar, VJ, Yoshizaki, M, Masaki, Y, Nakamura, K, Kobayashi, K, Harue, M, Yamagishi, A & Urabe, T 2015, Development of hydrothermal and frictional experimental systems to simulate sub-seafloor water–rock–microbe interactions. in Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept. Springer Japan, pp. 71-85. DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54865-2_7
    Suzuki K, Kato S, Shibuya T, Hirose T, Fuchida S, Rejish Kumar VJ et al. Development of hydrothermal and frictional experimental systems to simulate sub-seafloor water–rock–microbe interactions. In Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept. Springer Japan. 2015. p. 71-85. Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54865-2_7

    Suzuki, Katsuhiko; Kato, Shingo; Shibuya, Takazo; Hirose, Takehiro; Fuchida, Shigshi; Rejish Kumar, V. J.; Yoshizaki, Motoko; Masaki, Yuka; Nakamura, Kentaro; Kobayashi, Kensei; Harue, Masuda; Yamagishi, Akihiko; Urabe, Tetsuro / Development of hydrothermal and frictional experimental systems to simulate sub-seafloor water–rock–microbe interactions.

    Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept. Springer Japan, 2015. p. 71-85.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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    AU - Hirose,Takehiro

    AU - Fuchida,Shigshi

    AU - Rejish Kumar,V. J.

    AU - Yoshizaki,Motoko

    AU - Masaki,Yuka

    AU - Nakamura,Kentaro

    AU - Kobayashi,Kensei

    AU - Harue,Masuda

    AU - Yamagishi,Akihiko

    AU - Urabe,Tetsuro

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