A numerical study on coupled sloshing and ship motions of a liquefied natural gas carrier in regular and irregular waves

Xin Wang, Makoto Arai

Abstract

This article presents a numerical study of the coupled ship motions and tank sloshing of a liquefied natural gas carrier. To solve this coupled problem, we have developed a time-domain numerical method. The method combines a ship motion solver based on strip theory and a computational fluid dynamics sloshing solver. The method has been applied to a liquefied natural gas carrier model to investigate the coupling effect in regular waves. Simulations for four different loading conditions were carried out, and the results of ship motion response amplitude operators and free surface movement amplitudes were presented in frequency domain. The coupling effect on ship motions and sloshing has been discussed. Based on the assumption of linearity of ship motions and wave, the authors used the ship motion response amplitude operators (with coupling effect) obtained in regular wave conditions to generate ship motion time histories in irregular waves. Sloshing in tanks was then simulated by using the ship motion time histories in irregular wave conditions. The calculated impact pressure time histories were analyzed by using the exceedance probability function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-13
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment
Volume229
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Ships
Liquid sloshing
Liquefied natural gas
Numerical methods
Computational fluid dynamics

Keywords

  • Coupling effect
  • Irregular wave
  • Liquefied natural gas
  • Ship motions
  • Sloshing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering

Cite this

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title = "A numerical study on coupled sloshing and ship motions of a liquefied natural gas carrier in regular and irregular waves",
keywords = "Coupling effect, Irregular wave, Liquefied natural gas, Ship motions, Sloshing",
author = "Xin Wang and Makoto Arai",
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journal = "Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment",
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AU - Arai,Makoto

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N2 - This article presents a numerical study of the coupled ship motions and tank sloshing of a liquefied natural gas carrier. To solve this coupled problem, we have developed a time-domain numerical method. The method combines a ship motion solver based on strip theory and a computational fluid dynamics sloshing solver. The method has been applied to a liquefied natural gas carrier model to investigate the coupling effect in regular waves. Simulations for four different loading conditions were carried out, and the results of ship motion response amplitude operators and free surface movement amplitudes were presented in frequency domain. The coupling effect on ship motions and sloshing has been discussed. Based on the assumption of linearity of ship motions and wave, the authors used the ship motion response amplitude operators (with coupling effect) obtained in regular wave conditions to generate ship motion time histories in irregular waves. Sloshing in tanks was then simulated by using the ship motion time histories in irregular wave conditions. The calculated impact pressure time histories were analyzed by using the exceedance probability function.

AB - This article presents a numerical study of the coupled ship motions and tank sloshing of a liquefied natural gas carrier. To solve this coupled problem, we have developed a time-domain numerical method. The method combines a ship motion solver based on strip theory and a computational fluid dynamics sloshing solver. The method has been applied to a liquefied natural gas carrier model to investigate the coupling effect in regular waves. Simulations for four different loading conditions were carried out, and the results of ship motion response amplitude operators and free surface movement amplitudes were presented in frequency domain. The coupling effect on ship motions and sloshing has been discussed. Based on the assumption of linearity of ship motions and wave, the authors used the ship motion response amplitude operators (with coupling effect) obtained in regular wave conditions to generate ship motion time histories in irregular waves. Sloshing in tanks was then simulated by using the ship motion time histories in irregular wave conditions. The calculated impact pressure time histories were analyzed by using the exceedance probability function.

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